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Angraecum conchiferum
ENCYCLOPÆDIA
ANGRÆCORUM
Angraecum conchiferum
Angraecum conchiferum
Angraecum conchiferum
Angraecum conchiferum

Kingdom

Plantae

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

Liliopsida

Order

Asparagales

Family

Orchidaceae

Subfamily

Vandoïdeae Endlicher

Tribe

Vandaeae Lindley

Subtribe

Angraecinae Summerhayes

Alliance

Angraecum

Genus

Angraecum

Genus Abreviation

Angcm

Common Name

 

Section

Arachnangraecum Schltr.

Species

Angraecum conchiferum

Authority

Lindl.

Source

in Companion Bot. Mag. 2: 205 (1837). -Bolus, Icon. Orchid. Austro-Afric. 2: t. 4 (1911).
-Rolfe in F.C. 5, 3: 70 (1912).
-Schlechter in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36, abt. 2: 170 (1918).
-Summerhayes in Kew Bull. 13: 275 (1958).
-Goodier & Phipps in Kirkia 1: 54 (1961).
-Piers, Orch. E. Africa, rev. ed.: 229 (1968).
-Morris, Epiphyt. Orch. Malawi: 83 (1970).
-Grosvenor in Excelsa 6: 78 (1976).
-Ball, South. African Epiphyt. Orch.: 256 (1978).
-Stewart et al., Wild Orch. South. Africa: 256 (1982).
-Cribb in F.T.E.A., Orchidaceae: 500 (1989).
-la Croix et al., Orch. Malawi: 238 (1991).
-Stewart, Orch. Kenya: 17 (1996). TAB. 126. Type from South Africa.

Synonyms

Angorkis conchifera (Lindl.) Kuntze Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 651 (1891).
Angraecum scabripes Kraenzl. in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 73 (1902). Type from Tanzania.
Angraecum verrucosum Rendle in J. Bot. 33: 250 (1895). Type: Malawi, Mt. Mulanje, Whyte (BM, holotype).
Mystacidium verrucosum (Rendle) Rolfe in F.T.A. 7: 171 (1897).

Etymology

 

Distribution

Malawi S: Zomba Mt., near summit, 1900 m, fl. 4.x.1986, Linder 3929 (K; PRE); Mulanje Mt., Lichenya Plateau, 1860 m, fl. 18.ix.1970, Pawek 3883 (K).

Mozambique MS: Chimanimani Mts., Valley of the Wizards, fl. 29.viii.1964, Whellan 2144 (SRGH).

Zimbabwe E: Chimanimani Mts., Mt. Peza, 1800 m, fl. 15.x.1950, Wild 3622 (SRGH).

Range

Kenya; South Africa; Tanzania

Altitude

1800-1900 m

Habitat

Montane evergreen forest

Life Form

Epiphytic or lithophytic

Flowers

16-30 × 2-4 mm

Flowering time

Sep-Oct

Fragrance

 

Description

Epiphytic herb; stem elongated, to c. 60 cm long, often branched.Roots 1-2 mm in diameter, grey, verrucose.Basal part of stem covered with old leaf sheaths, black-dotted. Leaves several, borne towards apex of the stem, distichous, dark green, 4-6 cm × 4-7 mm, linear, unequally and obtusely 2-lobed at the apex. Inflorescences arising opposite leaf axis, 1-2-flowered.Peduncle c. 25 mm long; pedicel and ovary c. 20 mm long; bracts 1.5-5 mm long.Flowers white.Sepals and petals 16-30 × 2-4 mm, linear-lanceolate, long acuminate.Lip 9-11 × 10-12 mm, very concave with a central keel, sub-orbicular with an apiculum 3.5-9 mm long; spur tapering, 3-5 cm long.Column 2-3 mm long.

Links

FZ volume:11 part:2 (1998) Orchidaceae by I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb

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